How to Backup and Restore MySQL Databases

Websites today rely a great deal on databases to store vital data, which may include member information as well as website content. Most of the websites that run content management systems like Joomla, or WordPress have a database at the core of its backend.

MySQL databases are the most popular open source databases that are used to power most of the websites today. This is why, it is very important to understand some basic working and administration of MySQL databases to comfortably manage your website.

Thanks to freely available tools like PHPMyAdmin, it is very easy even for an amateur to do basic database maintenance without knowing even a single database command.

We look at quick steps that will help you make a backup and also restore a MySQL database.

  1. Login to CPanel: For this, type the URL http://<yourwebsite address>/cPanel in the Address bar of your Web browser and then press Enter. When prompted, enter your user id and password.
  2. The website dashboard will be displayed.

  3. Login to PHPMyAdmin – On the dashboard, locate PHPMyAdmin and sign into it as a valid root user or an administrator for your database. You may perform the following tasks to backup or restore your database:
    • Export the database – To backup your existing database, click the Export tab that is displayed on the top along with other tabs. Ensure that all tables are selected for your database. You may choose to download it as a zipped file to ensure faster download.
    • Import the database – The Import tab on the PHPMyAdmin console can help you restore a defunct website, or even migrate an existing database-driven website to a new host. Within the Import tab there is an option to browse a backed up database in the zipped format or even in a raw format. Upload the file through this option and select all the tables to restore in the menu that follows.

Taking regular backups for your website database, along with a download of all static HTML pages is essential. This is required to ensure immediate revival of your website in the event of web server failure and other similar problems.