Network Terminology You Should Know

As you delve into the world of dedicated servers, you will encounter a mountain of terminology. You might already be familiar with some, but others may leave you scratching your head. The following network terms are frequently used in all types of networking and also in web hosting in particular.

TCP – Transmission Control Protocol or TCP allows two hosts to establish a connection and then exchange data streams. TCP ensures packets are delivered in the order in which they were sent.

UDP – User Datagram Protocol or UDP differs from TCP in that it is primarily used to directly send and receive datagrams. It lacks some of the error recovery features of TCP/IP.

FTP – File transfer protocol or FTP provides a system for exchanging files over the Internet. Users can download or upload files directly to and from a server.

SSL – Secure Sockets Layer is a protocol that allows for the transfer of information privately over the Internet. It is primarily used to encrypt website transactions, such as purchases, but you can also use it to secure other protocols and even email.

Hostname – A hostname is just as the term describes, a name for the host (computer or device) attached to a network. Other devices on the network will recognize it by that name.

In the next segment of this series, we will take a look at some of the common server terminology you should definitely know when you work with dedicated servers.