How to Install Local RPM or DEB Files

One of the common problems you may encounter with a Linux server is that locally-installed packages require dependencies in order to work. When you install software directly from your distribution’s package repository: yum or apt-get, for example, these programs will install any necessary dependencies automatically. Sometimes, however, you need to download a single .deb or .rpm file and install it manually. This usually presents a dependency problem.

On a Debian-based system, you can install single deb packages with the following command:

dpkg -i package-name.deb

On a Red Hat-based system, you can install a single rpm package with this command:

rpm -ivh package-name.rpm

In both instances, packages that require additional dependencies will not install correctly. You can solve this problem by using tools that automatically search for dependencies for any package you install, thereby avoiding what many Linux users refer to as “dependency hell”.

For deb packages, use gdebi:

gdebi package-name.deb

For rpm packages, you can use yum with the “localinstall” option:

yum –nogpgcheck localinstall package-name.rpm

Both of these solutions will search your distribution’s online repositories for any dependencies that the package needs. Once located, it will install the dependencies before it proceeds with the package installation. Finally, with the dependencies installed, your local package should install without any difficulty.