How to Add and Remove APT Repositories

Ubuntu based Linux distributions rely on a program called APT to handle package management. Using the command “apt-get”, you can install, remove and update other programs. The packages installed with APT are determined by software repositories, and while every Linux distribution has default repositories, you can also add or remove third-party sources.
To add a Personal […]

Manage Your Log Files with Logstash

Your dedicated server has lots of logs. Almost every service and program running on a Linux or Unix server has a log file associated with it that includes relevant information about processes, errors and warnings. Sifting through all of those logs can be a pain, especially if you need to review old logs or compare […]

How to Manually Install Packages on a Debian Server

On Debian and Debian-based servers (such as Ubuntu Server), the primary method of package installation is APT. Using the apt-get command, you can download and install software from the distribution and third-party repositories with relative ease. There may come a time, however, when you need to install a deb package that is not from your […]

How to Free Up Space by Removing Unwanted Packages

On Debian-based systems, the APT package management system stores downloaded packages even after you have installed them and keeps the handy in case you want to reinstall without having to re-download. After a certain amount of time, you might decide you no longer need to keep these packages around, especially if they are taking up […]

What is Ncurses?

Ncurses a program for POSIX-compliant operating systems (Linux, Unix, BSD, etc) that is designed to provide a text-based visual interface for a variety of tools. Essentially, programs that rely on ncurses can display GUI-like interfaces within a terminal emulator that support keyboard and even mouse navigation just as a true GUI program would.
Some of the […]

How to Remove Old Downloaded Packages from APT

One of the routine end-of-year tasks you might want to perform is the removal of old packages that your system downloaded but may no longer need. You may have installed applications and later uninstalled them, but your package manager sometimes keeps those downloaded packages in case you need them later. Fortunately, with APT, it is […]

Linux Server Security Guide: Part 1

Over the years at Dedicated Server School, we have provided you with numerous security tips, often on an individual and specific level. This five-part series will instead give a general overview of Linux server security to serve as a quick reference tool whenever you might need it. Rather than searching for the security topic you […]

How to Reinstall Packages on a Linux Server

Linux has a very unique method of installing applications. Most Linux distributions rely on package management systems that download package archives containing all of the files for an application and then copy them to their correct locations. Once the files are installed, any changes you make to them can affect the functionality of the app. […]

Server OS Profile: Debian GNU/Linux

Although it is not specifically designed for servers, Debian GNU/Linux is a popular choice for system administrators because of its stability, security, and long stable release cycle. Debian has also been around for a very long time (19 years) and is regarded as one of the most reliable operating systems in terms of staying true […]

How to Install and Remove Packages in FreeBSD

If you have used Linux servers, you are probably very familiar with the package management systems, such as YUM or APT. Unless you used Gentoo, however, you may find the package management system in FreeBSD to be noticeably different. What follows is a quick start guide to FreeBSD’s package management system called Ports Collection and […]

Which Linux Distribution Is Best for Servers?

Recent reports have indicated that Linux continues to gain a larger share of the server market, while Microsoft Windows and variations of Unix continue to lose significant market shares. Linux has become the dominant server OS type of choice, and for web servers in particular, Linux is almost the default.
Nevertheless, to call Linux a single […]

How to Update Packages with Webmin

In the previous post, you learned how to install and remove software packages using Webmin’s graphical interface. Today, you will learn how to update individual packages and do a system-wide upgrade, all from within Webmin’s control panel.
Just like installing and removing packages, Webmin will rely on your package manager (APT, Yum, etc.) to update […]

How to Install and Remove Packages with Webmin

One of the features Webmin has to make your system administration easier is a module for software package installation, updates, and removal. Using a graphical interface, you can keep your dedicated server updated and install new software whenever you need it.
To install software, do the following:

Login to Webmin and click “System”
Click the “Software Packages” […]

Are There Benefits to Manually Installing Software?

Linux servers have a distinct advantage over most proprietary operating systems because of their extensive package management systems. Whether a server uses YUM or APT, it is much easier and faster to install and update software than using traditional manual installation methods. This raises the question: is it ever a good idea to install software […]

How to Fix APT Dependency Problems

APT is a package management system for Debian and other Linux distributions based on it, such as Ubuntu. For the most part, APT is easy to use for installing, removing, and updating packages.
With a normal APT install, using the apt-get command, a package will install without any problems. Installing a package in an APT repository […]

What to Do When Package XYZ is Not Available

Dedicated Servers do not need a lot of software to run. You have your operating system, basic system services, the web server, mail server, database server, and a firewall. Depending on your setup, you may have other applications, but you usually do not need to install any exotic software. Web applications cover most frontend functions. […]

Aptitude Package Manager Alternative

In previous posts, we have examined some of the features of APT, the Debian package management system, and learned how to install, update, and remove packages. Aptitude is a text-based frontend for APT that makes it easier to browse through packages, search, and manage them.
While APT operates completely from the command line, Aptitude uses […]

How to Add an APT Repository

APT is a free and open source package management system used by many popular Linux distributions, such as Debian and Ubuntu.  APT provides an easy way to install, update, and remove packages for your server.  By default, APT includes repositories for your installation CD and the default online distribution repositories.  If you want access to […]

How to Install Software on a Linux Server

Installing software on a Linux dedicated server depends on several factors.  Namely:

The Linux distribution you are using
The package availability of the software you want to install
The source of the software.

Linux distributions use package management systems to make installation of software easy.  In most cases, these distributions have online repositories that allow you to quickly and […]

Working with APT on a Debian Server

Debian GNU/Linux and other OSes based on the free and open source operating system, such as Ubuntu, use a package management system called APT to install, update, and remove software.  APT is very powerful and easy to use.  You can access it from the command line via SSH, giving you full control over the software […]

Configure Apt-Get to Send Update Email Notifications

Last week we looked a YUM’s update settings and found a way to make it send email notifications when updates are available. You can accomplish the same setup with APT for Debian-based Linux distributions. The benefit of doing this is to have apt-get do nothing but notify you when updates are available, rather […]

Fixing Problems with APT

APT (Advanced Packaging Tool) is the package management system for Debian GNU/Linux and Debian-based operating systems such as Ubuntu. Some Red Hat, CentOS and SUSE Linux users may also prefer to use APT, although it is not the default. As we have previously discussed, the main command for APT is “apt-get” followed by […]

How to use APT to install Linux software

Last week we learned how to install Linux applications with YUM. This is the common method used for most Linux servers based on Red Hat Linux. For Debian, however, another package management tool, called APT, is the default. APT, which stands for Advanced Packaging Tool, was originally designed for “.deb” packages, […]