How Many Types Of Servers Are There?

Every day someone comes up with a new type of server hardware. Well, maybe not every day. But computing has become one of those industries where development and innovation outpaces our desire and ability to keep up with it. I wouldn’t be surprised if ten years from now we will have as many types of server environments as we have automobile styles. OK, maybe not ten; maybe twenty. But we’ll get there.
Still, there are plenty of server hardware brands and styles even now. Here are a few of the different types of servers you might encounter on your journey to the perfect server hardware for your business:
FTP – File Transfer Protocol. You’re likely familiar with this type of server, which allos you to transfer files from one computer to another. If you have a website you are using an FTP to move files from your hard drive at your location to the web host’s server at a remote location.
Gopher – A Gopher is a type of server that is similar to FTP, except that you have no hypertext. It looks like a regular menu. Everything is plain document.
HTTP Server – Also called Web server. Just as the name implies, this type of server stores information that allows Web browsers to view hypertext and Web-based information store and read the data. If you have a website then you have one of these servers.
Application Server – This type of server provides additional functionality to an HTTP server. Usually, you see an application server as a part of an enterprise package and typical applications include messaging, transaction processing, database access classes, and other enterprise necessities.
Servlet Engine – A servlet engine is a component that could be an internal server component, an external component, or a stand-alone component, but is the computer on which server applications run on a continual basis.
EJB – Enterprise JavaBeans. A type of application server that executes Java applications.
There are many other types of servers. You could actually break some of these down into other types of servers and you could include clusters and clouds, but those typically rely on one or more of the above hardware systems.  There is no sense even talking about server software until you figure out what hardware components you need.
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